Brazil: Transgender Inclusion at the Feminist Encuentro

Kindly translated by Sunila Abeysekera
At the Latin American and Caribbean Feminist Meeting due to be held in Sao Paolo from October 7 to 12, 2005, there is a debate on the inclusion (or exclusion) of trans persons and trans women from the meeting. Since not all of us will be there, for different reasons, IGLHRC and AIREA are circulating this letter and calling on those who agree to sign on , so that we can be sure that all our voices are heard at the meeting.

Whenever a line is drawn, it always pierces someone´s tender skin

- Raven Kaldera, Intersex activist

WHY DO WE WANT TO OPEN UP THE FEMINIST ENCUENTRO TO TRANS PERSONS ?

  1. because we believe that feminism is a current of opinion, a political force, a social movement and not a self-help group or a club of female friends. What we define as a person who is, or who wants to be, a feminist is based on their ideas and their actions, not on their anatomy.
  2. If identities are defined by us and are political, and if gender is a construction, it is valid for all of us, trans or not. If we accept that it is only possible to be a feminist if one is a woman, in a situation where a person is defining herself as a trans woman and as a feminist, we do not have the authority to say that our spaces are closed off for her.
    Many of us have been working for years, in various spaces, with trans persons and men, with a world vision and attitudes that on a daily basis are feminist. And we work, also for many years, with women whose world vision and attitudes we consider to be patriarchal and anti-democratic. If in the past, we have been womanists, experience has convinced us that patriarchy is not synonymous with the penis, nor feminism with the vagina.
  3. Trans persons and trans women are not a homogenous group, nor are the feminists who are diagnosed as ‘women’ by obstetricians who examine us on birth. Among them – and us – there are some who have reinforced gender stereotypes and others who have questioned them, those who have developed a biologicist, essentialist discourse as well as those who have advanced a critique of the medical discourse on sex. All these have augmented feminist reflections on gender. Including trans friends in the dialogue on questions relating to trans existence will help us all to take forward our critical reflections about gender.

We understand the necessity to create ‘inter-identity’ spaces. These spaces can perfectly coexist with the opening up of the meeting to other genders and sexes. For example, through the form of closed workshops. But the decision regarding inclusion and exclusion of persons at this Feminist Meeting will send a strong message about what Latin American feminism says about itself in the 21st century.

We are at the moment struggling for a form of feminism that can genuinely integrate diversity of all forms, ethnic, age, language, sexual preference and social class. At the very least, in the arenas in which we have consensus – sometimes only cosmetic, sometimes genuine – it is absolutely necessary to speak of inclusion. The moment has come, we believe, to take on all the colours of the rainbow when we speak of categories of sex and gender, the colours we as feminists still do not properly wear.

It is very important that we open up, expand our perspectives, and respond to the challenges of feminism that we face today. We want this space where persons of different genders and sexes (as we want the space for persons of different colours of their skin, their age, their erotic fantasies, their bank account and currency, their food choices and so on), can respect each other, speak to each other, listen to each other and build our politics and action as feminists together for this century.

‘ We need to advance the work that we have done against all forms of fundamentalisms for years. We know very well what that work has entailed. We have challenged the essentializing of individuals and groups, the lack of acceptance of diversity and of changing identities. Everything is constructed within the context of denial of women’s rights. We must not be resigned and we must persistently challenge all forms of fundamentalism and essentialism in our feminisms’: Line Bareiro (feminist, diagnosed as a woman at the time of her birth)

Actitud Queer (Uruguay)
Agrupación Info-Social (Chile)
Airea na – Grupo por los Derechos de las Lesbianas (Paraguay)
Amazonas Mujeres de Venezuela
AMMAR Capital Asociación de Mujeres Argentinas por los Derechos Humanos
Artemisa, Grupo interdisciplinario en Genero, sexualidad, Juventud y Derechos Humanos (México)
Articulação Brasileira de Lésbicas (ABL)
Asociación Civil Ámbar (Venezuela)
Associação Cultura Arte e Movimento LGBT de Negros e Negras de Periferia (Brasil)
Associação de Mulheres da Zona Leste (Brasil)
Associação da Parada do Orgulho GLBT de São Paulo (Brasil)
Centro de Investigación y Estudios Interdisciplinarios en Sexualidad del Uruguay (CIEI-SU)
Centro de Referencia Contra a Violencia e Discriminação ao Homossexual-Disque Defesa Sexual –RJ (Brasil)
Centro Nicaragûense por el Desarrollo Humano
COFEMO (México)
Colectivo Colimenses Asertivos por la Salud Sexual –CASS (México)
Colectivo Contra Naturas (Perú)
Colombia Diversa
Comisión Internacional de los Derechos Humanos para Gays y Lesbianas (IGLHRC)
Comunidad Gay Sampedrana (Honduras)
Corporación Triángulo Negro (Colombia)
Desalambrando Córdoba (Argentina)
Educación en la Diversidad (Venezuela)
Federación Española COLEGAS de Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales y Transexuales
Federación Estatal de Lesbianas, Gays,Transexuales y Bisexuales - FELGT (España)
Fundación Buenos Aires SIDA (Argentina)
Futuro Transgenérico (Argentina)
Grupo Gay de Bahia (Brasil)
Grupo de Mujeres Lesbianas y Bisexuales Mujer sin Límite (Honduras)
Harpazo – Movimento Cristão pela Diversidade (Brasil)
Iglesia de la Comunidad Metropolitana del Centro (Argentina)
Igreja da Comunidade Metropolitana (Brasil)
La Fulana - Centro comunitario de Mujeres lesbianas y bisexuales (Argentina)
Movimento D´ELLAS-RJ (Brasil)
Mujeres al Borde (Colombia)
Opción Bisexual (México)
PRECOMAR (Prevención Contra la Marginación)
Puerto Rico para Todos
Raíz Diversidad Sexual (Perú)
Red-Ada (Bolivia)
Red Colombiana de Jóvenes Multiplicadoras/es de PROFAMILIA? Red de Educación Popular entre Mujeres - REPEM
Red Latinoamericana de Católicas por el Derecho a Decidir
Red Nacional de Mujeres (Colombia)
Santamaría Fundación GLTB (Colombia)
Transgay (Argentina)
Traves Macul (Chile)
Traveschile A.D.S.I.P –Agrupación por los Derechos Sexuales Integrales de las Personas (Chile)
Unión Afirmativa de Venezuela
VIDA- Grupo de Lesbianas (Perú)
Adela Cubilla (Radio Comunitaria Ciudad Nueva, Paraguay)
Aldo Araujo (Perú)
Alexandra Teixeira (Portugal/EEUU)
Aline de Freitas (Centro de Mídia Independente, Brasil)
Aluminé Moreno (Instituto Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Amanda Rosenfeldt (Argentina)
Ana Criquillón (Nicaragua)
Ana Elena Obando (feminista, Costa Rica)
Ana María García (Ideafro y Asociación de Comunidades Indígenas, Argentina)
Andréa Fachel Leal (investigadora, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Antropologia do Corpo e da Saúde –NUPACS-Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil)
Andrea Mariño (socióloga, Argentina)
Ángeles Cabria (España)
Aníbal José Martínez (Nicaragua)
Antonio Medina (México)
Augusto Molina Heredia (México)
Beatriz Quintero (Colombia)
Belissa Andia Pérez (coordinadora Colectivo Claveles Rojos y Co-Secretaria Trans ILGTA-LAC, Perú)
Bernardo Puente (Paraguay)
Beto de Jesus (Co - Secretário Gay da ILTGA para América Latina e Caribe, Diretor da Associação Brasileira de Gays, Lésbicas e Transgêneros - Região Sudeste, IEN - Instituto Edson Neris, Brasil)
Carla Perdomo (Honduras)
Carmen Colazo (Paraguay)
Carmen G. Hernández (España)
Carolina Cistemas Marquez (Colectivo de Mujeres La Revuelta, Chile)
Cecilia Olea Maulón (feminista, Perú)
Catalina León Amaya (Mujeres Enredadas LBTI de Bogotá, Colombia) Cecilia de Trinidad (Nicaragua)
Cecilia Wollman (Argentina)
Claudia Castro (feminista, Argentina)
Claudia Korol (feminista, Argentina)
Claudia Montalvo (comunicadora social, Perú)
Débora Schneider (Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina)
Denia Maglioni Paniagua (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Diana Carbajal Mencia (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Diana Eva Azcárate (Argentina)
Diana Maffía (Instituto Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Dora Barrancos (Directora del Instituto Interdisciplinario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Efraín Espinoza Trujillo (Perú)
Elena Fonseca (Cotidiano Mujer, Uruguay)
Eliana Rodrigues (lesbiana feminista, Brasil)
Erick Tejada (estudiante y activista, Perú)
Esperanza Pérez Cuadra (Managua, Nicaragua)
Evelyn Flores (Nicaragua)
Fabiana Tron (Coordinadora General de Desalambrando, Argentina)
Francisco Manzano Gualix (Ex-presidente de Guirigay (Colectivo de Gays, Lesbianas, Bisexuales y Transgénero del Corredor del Henares, España)
Gabriela Delgado Ballesteros (investigadora de la UNAM, México)
Gabriela Osorto (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Gina Grullón (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Gladys Parentelli (Coordinadora Nacional de Documentacion y Publicaciones, Red Universitaria Venezolana de Estudios de las Mujeres, REUVEM- Venezuela)
Gloria Careaga Pérez (Facultad de Psicología, UNAM, México)
Guillermo Hernández González (Católicas por el Derecho a Decidir, México)
Hazel Gloria Davenport (escritora y periodista transexual, presidenta de Transexualis Nación Trans, México)
Humberto Guerra (Fundación Arcoiris, México)
Ivis Carcamo (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Javier Hernández (Comunidad Gay Samepdrana, Honduras)
Javier Tejada (Comunidad Gay Sampedrana, Honduras)
Jesenia López Almendarez (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Jorge Guerrero (Planeta Paz, Colombia)
Jorge Antonio Ñancucheo (Asocación Comunidades Indígenas, Argentina)
José Antonio Hernández Reyes (México)
Jose Luis Fernandez-Shaw (Sociólogo y Profesor Universitario, Venezuela)
Juan Carlos Manteca Cendrero (España/Irlanda)
Juany Toledo
Julyssa Valle (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Kathia Ballestero Pernudi (Feminista Costarricense Independiente)
Kelly López (España)
Kena Lorenzini (fotógrafa y psicóloga, Chile)
Larizza Munguía (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Leila R. Lopes (Coordenadora Coordenação estadual da Central de Movimentos Populares, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil)
Leticia Wainschenker (Argentina)
Lina María Mejía (feminista, Colombia)
Lisbeth Meléndez Rivera (Coalición Nacional Latina para la Justicia)
Lorena Espinoza (activista feminista y lésbica, Ecuador/República Dominicana)
Lucrecia Oller (Argentina)
Luiz Mott (presidente del Grupo Gay de Bahia, Brasil)
Lydia Alpízar Durán (Costa Rica/México)
Manuel Herrera Loayza (México)
Marcela Fabiana Loyarte
Marcela Sánchez Buitrago (Colombia)
Marcio Caetano (membro do Grupo Arco-Íris de Conscientização, Brasil)
Marcos Benedetti (Brasil)
María Alicia Gutiérrez (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires)
María Antonieta Vera Gajardo
María Belén Correa (coordinadora fundadora de ATTA, Argentina/EEUU)
Maria Cristina Martins (Psicóloga y Sexóloga, Brasil)
María Florez-Estrada (Costa Rica)
María Mercedes Tello (Colombia)
Maria Rachid (feminista, Argentina)
María Suárez Toro (feministas de Costa Rica y Puerto Rico)
Mariluz Franco-Ortiz (Puerto Rico)
Marina Bernal Gómez (México)
Maritza Garay (Honduras)
Marta Dillon (editora Las/12, Página/12, Argentina)
Martha Moncada (Ecuador)
Marusia López Cruz (integrante de Elige, Red de Jóvenes por los Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos)
Mauro García Guido, (coordinador Fundación Buenos Aires SIDA)
Mayra Sirias (Nicaragua)
Myriam Brito (México)
Nancy Herrera García (licenciada en Psicología, México)
Natalia Flores González (Chile)
Neusa Cardoso de Melo (Coordenadora Regional de Minas Gerais da Rede Feminista de Saúde, Brasil)
Nicholas D'Avella
Nicolás Rabboni (Argentina)
Noemí Plaza
Norma Guillard Limota (Cuba)
Oscar Carrión (Comunidad Gay Sampedrana, Honduras)
Pablo Hernández Miñano (España)
Paola Brenes Hernández (feminista joven, Costa Rica)
Patria Jiménez Flores (El Clóset de Sor Juana, México)
Patricia Morey (Argentina)
Patricia Williams (Mujer sin Límite, Honduras)
Paula Terán
Paula Viturro (Grupo Feminista Ají de Pollo, Argentina)
Pedro Julio Serrano (presidente Puerto Rico para Todos)
Ramón Valladares (Comunidad Gay Sampedrana, Honduras)
Ranúsia dos Santos (Brasil/Italia)
Rigoberto Zelaya (Comunidad Gay Sampedrana, Honduras)
Romina Páez
Sam Larson (Argentina/EEUU)
Sandra Montealegre (coordinadora de la Mesa Joven por la Diversidad Sexual, Colombia)
Sebastián de Martino (España)
Silke Heumann (Nicaragua)
Silvia Díaz (Argentina)
Siomara Molina (Chile)
Sonia Marchewka (Paraguay)
Sônia Correa (Brasil)
Stella Hernández Bocanegra (Colombia)
Tamara Adrián (Venezuela)
Tatiana Cordero (Ecuador)
Tatiana Rojas (secretaria Sindicato Luis Gauthier de Trabajadoras/es LGB, Chile)
Teresa Gori (Roma, Italia)
Vanessa Abdo (transgênero, Grupo Diversidade de Niterói, Brasil)
Vartán Kalemkerián (Uruguay)
Victoria Figueroa (feminista disidente, Chile)
Virginia Vargas Valente (feminista, Perú)
Viviana D’Amelia (fotógrafa, Argentina)
Viviane Campezate Diniz (militante pela causa feminista e LGBTT,
Brasil)
Viviana Garza de la Torre (Benji)
Wilber Martínez (Nicaragua)
Wilmer García (Comunidad Gay Sampedrana, Honduras)
Ximena Machicao (Coordinadora General REPEM, Bolivia)
Asociación para el Desarrollo Integral de la Mujer
SIMBIOSIS(ADEIM-SIMBIOSIS)
Ingrid Patricia guzmán Fernández
Carla Antonelli Coordinadora Area Transexual Grupo GLTB Partido
Socialista Obrero Español Portavoz Area Transexual FELGT (Federación
Estatal de Lesbianas, Gays,Transexuales y Bisexuales de España)