Costa Rica Shadow Report

To the 49th Session of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

This shadow report was developed by IGLHRC and MULABI and submitted in English and Spanish for consideration to the UN Committee for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) as part of their review of Costa Rica's compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women at the 49th session of the Committee in July 2011

This shadow report is intended to serve as a source of information for UN Committee experts, and to supplement both the report from Costa Rica’s government and shadow reports from other NGOs.

In the CEDAW Committee's "Concluding Observations" to its review of Costa Rica, it explicitly expressed concern about the discrimination and abuse experienced by lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women in education, in employment, in healthcare, in recognition before the law, and in treatment by law enforcement.  The Committee urged the State to take a range of measures to redress these injustices.  

The full can be found in the attachment and the LBTI references are excepted below.  

40. The Committee takes note of the establishment of regulations aiming to respect the identity of transgender women in the ID photo cards issued by the Civil Registry Office. However, it expresses its concern about discrimination in the access to education, employment and health-care services against lesbian, bisexuals, transgender and intersex women in the State party. The Committee is also concerned at information received indicating that some of these women are victims of abuses and mistreatment by health services providers and law enforcement officials. 

41. The Committee calls on the State party to provide effective protection against violence and discrimination against women, in line with the Universal Periodic Review (A/HRC/13/15 and A/HRC/13/15/Add.1) recommendation accepted by the State party. In this regard, the Committee urges the State party to intensify its efforts to combat discrimination against women based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, including by launching a sensitization campaign aimed at the general public, as well as providing appropriate training to law enforcement officials and health services providers, in order to avoid abuses and mistreatment of these women.